NEUR 1004: An introduction to the field of neuroscience, and academic and career planning for neuroscience majors. Exposure to areas of practice and research, and opportunities for education, training and employment in this field (1H, 1C).

NEUR 2025: Introduction to the fundamental principles of neuroscience. Structures and function of central nervous system in humans and other animals, signal processing and transmission, development of neural and brain circuits, encoding and transmission of sensory and perceptual information, motor control/movement. Pre: BIOL 1105 or BIOL 1005 for 2025.

NEUR 2026: Complex brain processes including learning, memory, emotion, decision making, social behavior, and mental health and functioning. Pre: 2025 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 2035: Organization and function of the nervous system. Neuroanatomy, microscopy, intracellular simulation, extracellular recording, electrophysiology, neurotransmitters, and neuroplasticity. Co: 2025 (3L, 1C).

NEUR 2036: Receptive field, sensation and perception, motor system, simple neural circuitry, neuroendocrine and higher level cognitive processes. Co: 2026 (3L, 1C).

NEUR 3044: Fundamental principles of cellular and molecular neuroscience. Methods to study neurochemistry and neurobiology, theoretical and practical issues of relating cellular/molecular structures and functions to higher-level nervous system functioning, and current understanding of cellular/molecular bases of nervous system disorders. Pre:  2026, CHEM 1036, (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3064: The conceptual framework of neuroscience of learning and instruction. Methods for studying mind and brain functions and their role in academic success and failure in educational settings. Theoretical and practical issues regarding pedagogy and assessment. Pre:  2026 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3084: Concepts in cognitive neuroscience. Methods available to study brain and nervous system function, theoretical and practical issues of relating mental functions to biological brain functions. Overview of current understanding of the neural bases of various mental functions (e.g., memory, attention, emotion, decision making). Pre: 2026 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3144: Foundation of social interactions in human and non-human: ability to learn and memorize locations, situations, individuals, facts and tasks forms. Cellular and molecular mechanism underlying learning and memory and model systems. Approaches to these processes along with diseases presenting with learning and memory deficits in humans. Pre: 2026 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3464 Ethical, legal, and social issues faced by human societies from the perspective of neuroscience. Broader questions about ethical and social constructs including consciousness, personhood, cognitive enhancement, free will, and death. Research in neuroscience to issues in medicine, research, law, criminology, public health, and the arts. Junior standing (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3554: Integration of the interdisciplinary fields of neuroscience: includes the conceptual frameworks and theories of neuroscience spanning molecules to behavior, the methods available to study nervous system structure and function from molecules to behavior, theoretical and practical issues of linking these lower-levels structures and processes to higher-level neurological and psychological functions, and the latest applications and technologies for translating neuroscience into more effective interventions and treatments. Practical experience includes literature review research and writing, data analysis and interpretation, written and oral presentation, and site-specific training. Pre:  2026 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 3914 History of addiction as a chronic, relapsing brain disease. Neurocircuitry and molecular basis of the brain affected by common drugs of abuse. Overview of the use, abuse, liability, and psychotherapeutic effects of drugs on humans. Common classes of drug abuse: alcohol, sedatives, tobacco/nicotine, opioids, cannabinoids, psychostimulants, psychedelics, steroids, anti-anxiety, antidepressants, and antipsychotics. Animal models in drug addiction studies. Current and future pharmacotherapeutics for drug addiction treatment and ethical considerations of treatments. Pre: 2025 (3H, 3C)

NEUR 4034: Common brain and Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders ranging from trauma to autism. Genetic, molecules and cellular changes in disease. Therapeutic implications and development of novel drugs. Challenges in drug discovery and implementation of personalized medicine. Ethical issues regarding genetic findings. Pre: 2026, 3044  (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4044: Integration of methods and results from cutting-edge interdisciplinary neuroscience research; theoretical and practical issues when linking molecular/cellular structures and processes to higher-level neurological and psychological functions. Pre: 3044 or 3084 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4084: Concepts in developmental cognitive neuroscience. Methods available to study development of brain and nervous system function. Relating developmental change in mental functions to development of biological brain functions. Advancements in research and practice regarding developmental basis of neurological and mental functions (e.g., memory, attention, emotion). Pre: 3084 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4314 Concepts of classical, modern genetics and epigenetics as it relates to neuroscience. Practical applications including genome-wide association (GWAS), next-generation sequencing, epigenetics, genome editing and screening methods. Use of model organisms in neurogenetic disorders research.  Relationship of genetics and its influences on theoretical and practical issues in neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders. Personalized medicine in neurodevelopmental and neurogenetic disorders.  Pre: 3044 (3H, 3C)

NEUR 4364 Concepts of language as distinctive human behavior and central to social life. Neural underpinnings of humans’ ability to speak and understand language. Neurologic processing of language comprehension and production in healthy and language-impaired individuals. Auditory and visual word recognition, reading, understanding speech, representation of word meaning, language production, and bilingualism.  Neuroethology of communication and neurological disorders of communication: dyslexia, stuttering, and aphasia. Theoretical issues in language processing and converging evidence from different techniques and animal models addressing these issues. Pre: 2026 (3H, 3C)

NEUR 4454: Neural processes related to reward, learning, reflection, delay of gratification, and social interaction. Clinical uses of neuroeconomics research techniques. Implications of neuroeconomics in economics, policy, law and business. Pre: NEUR 2026 or ECON 3104 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4514 Immune system and assorted roles in psychiatric and neurological disorders. Details of cell type, functions and signaling of the peripheral and central immune system, and sympathetic nervous system. Cross-talk between the brain and immune system across the blood brain barrier and circumventricular organs. Treatment options for autoimmune diseases and psychopathy. Pre: 3044 (3H, 3C)

NEUR 4544: Synapse morphology and function, central versus peripheral synapses, site of action of many therapeutic drugs and substances of abuse, synaptic pruning and failure. Changes in synaptic structure and function during development and in diseases. Pre:  2026 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4594 Clinical approaches to surgically treat stroke, trauma, spinal cord injuries and brain tumors. Expected outcomes and therapeutic limitations. Surgical procedures in operating room. Patient follow-up and outcomes. Medical emergencies and appropriate professional responses. Ethical issues regarding health care, disparity, life and death decisions. Medical profession exploration. Neuroscience Majors, junior standing.  Pre: 2026, 4034 (3H, 3C).

NEUR 4814 Concepts in nutritional aspects of neuroscience. Energy metabolism in central nervous system and brain regulating ingestive behavior. Communication with peripheral organs, regulation of whole body energy homeostasis, brain physiology and pathology on molecular and cellular level. Role of appetite neurocircuitry in formulation of practical solutions to societal problems such as nutrition, eating disorders, and obesity. Pre: 3044 (3H, 3C)

Contact neuroadvising@vt.edu for information on obtaining an undergraduate research opportunity.

NEUR 5004 Structure of the nervous system, membrane properties, and electrical properties of neuronal cells. Neurotransmitter systems, synapse structure and function. Overview of neural development, sensory and motor systems, memory, emotion, decision making, and behavior. Theories to study neurological structures and functions. Assessment of scientific literature. Pre: Graduate standing. (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5014 Fundamentals of molecular signaling in the nervous system. Underlying neuronal signaling that includes the channels, transporters and pumps. Methods to study synaptic plasticity, structure and function of nervous system cells. Current understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of nervous system disorders. Assessment of scientific literature.  Pre: Graduate standing. (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5024 Anatomy and function of the human central and peripheral nervous system, including gross and microscopic structure of major neural circuits that govern motor and sensory systems, autonomic function, memory, emotion, motivation and attention. Diseases and disorders associated with brain region malfunction. Pre: Graduate standing. (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5034G Common brain and Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders ranging from trauma to autism. Genetic, molecules and cellular changes in disease. Therapeutic implications and development of novel drugs. Challenges in drugdiscovery and implementation of personalized medicine. Ethical issues regarding genetic findings. Pre: Graduate Standing (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5054 Molecular and cellular processes underlying neural circuit formation, including neural induction, cell differentiation, cell fate determination, axon guidance, neuronal migration, synapse formation, sex differentiation, the role of neurotrophic factors, and cell death in vertebrate and invertebrate animal models. Gene regulation during critical periods of neural development that define neurogenesis and gliogenesis. Clinical problems in developmental neuroscience. Writing Pre: Graduate standing. (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5064 Concepts and methods in cognitive neuroscience. Neural bases of various mental functions including sensation, memory, attention, motivation and reward, emotion, decision making, sleep, language and social cognition. Treatment of neurological and mental disorders. Pre: Graduate Standing. (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5074 Discussion of emergent topics, theory and techniques in contemporary neuroscience research. Current research literature review of select topic. Scientific communication, ethics, and research integrity. May be repeated with different topics for a maximum of 4 credits. Pre: Graduate Standing. (1H, 1C)

NEUR 5314G Concepts of classical, modern genetics and epigenetics as it relates to neuroscience. Practical applications including genome-wide association (GWAS), next-generation sequencing, epigenetics, genome editing and screening methods. Use of model organisms in neurogenetic disorders research.  Relationship of genetics and its influences on theoretical and practical issues in neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders. Personalized medicine in neurodevelopmental and neurogenetic disorders.  Pre: Graduate Standing (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5514G Immune system and assorted roles in psychiatric and neurological disorders. Details of cell type, functions and signaling of the peripheral and central immune system, and sympathetic nervous system. Cross-talk between the brain and immune system across the blood brain barrier and circumventricular organs. Treatment options for autoimmune diseases and psychopathy. Pre: Graduate Standing (3H, 3C)

NEUR 5814G Concepts in nutritional aspects of neuroscience. Energy metabolism in central nervous system and brain regulating ingestive behavior. Communication with peripheral organs, regulation of whole body energy homeostasis, brain physiology and pathology on molecular and cellular level. Role of appetite neurocircuitry in formulation of practical solutions to societal problems such as nutrition, eating disorders, and obesity. Pre: Graduate Standing (3H, 3C)